Professor Usha Goswami

Professor of Cognitive Developmental Neuroscience, University of Cambridge

Prize

一丹教育研究獎

Year

2019

Expertise

Literacy for All, Cognitive Developmental Neuroscience

Focus by region

歐洲

Opening new doors for educational transformation with revelations in neuroscience

Professor Usha Goswami is a world-leading researcher in the fields of literacy, neuroscience, and education.

She is Professor of Cognitive Developmental Neuroscience at the University of Cambridge, and a Fellow of St John’s College Cambridge. Professor Goswami founded and serves as Director of the world’s first Centre for Neuroscience in Education.

 


Enabling educational transformation

Her research has identified the importance of children’s awareness of linguistic rhythm patterns for their reading acquisition, and has also revealed the brain basis of rhythm perception, showing how this neural process is impaired in developmental dyslexia. These discoveries are enabling transformative educational interventions that have the potential to benefit millions of children worldwide.

Professor Goswami was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 2013, a Fellow of the German National Academy in 2020, a Fellow of the Royal Society London in 2021, and was also made a Commander of the British Empire in the Queen’s New Years Honours in 2021. She has won a range of international prizes for her research. She has given talks on neuroscience and learning in numerous countries’ governments and organizations, has published 8 books and over 180 research papers, and has written widely for educators and for the public.

Initiatives

Revealing the neural basis of developmental language disorder (DLD)

Creating a classifier to identify children at risk of DLD

Children with DLD have difficulties understanding and using spoken language for no obvious reasons, affecting how well they learn in schools. Worldwide, over 15 million children are affected by this disorder. 

This project aims to be the first in the world to reveal the neural basis of DLD, by collecting matched neuroimaging and sensory data for DLD children via simple listening tasks.

Learn more about this initiative
“Professor Goswami is at the frontier of developing a new science around education, using cutting-edge imaging technology to help us understand how the brain actually learns.”
Citation

By Mr Andreas Schleicher

Panel Head, Judging Panel for Education Research, Yidan Prize

一丹獎努力發展未來教育,鼓勵教育創新和變革,發揮可持續影響。Usha Goswami教授是最契合這些遠大目標的人選。Goswami教授是業内領先的發展心理學家和認知神經科學家,備受尊敬的學者,所提出的方法極具遠見與變革性。

大多數人都將教育視為一種藝術,才華橫溢、熱情高漲的教育工作者夙興夜寐地教育我們的後代,為人類創造一個更美好的未來。但未來的教育不止於此。Goswami教授站在一門新興教育科學的前沿,採用前沿的影像技術,幫助我們了解大腦如何學習,並認識到兒童語言技能習得之個體差異背後的神經處理機制。正如我們所知,神經處理機制是人類發育的核心。Goswami教授的研究讓教育工作者能夠從認知、行為、知覺和神經學等層面,了解兒童的語音意識如何支持跨語言的閱讀發展或形成讀寫障礙。

過去,我們採取相似的方法來教授不同的孩子,有可能導致一些患有讀寫障礙的孩子遭遇挫折。Goswami教授的工作為教育打開了一扇新的大門,幫助每位孩子在學習上獲得成功。同時,她的工作將教育工作者的熱情和直覺與科學知識相結合,讓教育者了解到不同的孩子適合不同的學習方式,採取差異化的教學實踐,推動教育多元化,使成功的教育變得可預期、可推廣和可持續。

當然,只有當我們有能力將理論付諸實踐,科學證據才有價值。因此,Goswami教授並沒有止步於在象牙塔中的學術桂冠,而是運用她在理論、實驗和神經系統的發現,設計和研發新技術,幫助有語言學習障礙和語音障礙的孩子更好地學習語言。她還與全世界的教育領導者和決策者合作,讓他們了解到早期教育的重要性,並且讓人們意識到,如果我們充分了解語言學習的困難,便能更系統地解決這些問題。

她富於創新精神,提出了許多開拓性的見解,並能將這些見解轉化為改善教育的具體措施。她致力於推動教育改革,讓更多孩子能夠掌握知識,像其他人一樣參與生活與公民活動。有鑒於此,她是最理想的一丹獎得獎者,因為一丹獎的宗旨正是「透過教育創造一個更美好的世界」。

毋庸置疑,Goswami教授將成為一丹獎社區的積極參與者。一丹獎社區的成員擁有一個共同的理念:教育能夠開啟一個更美好、更公平和更人性化的世界。